The district derives its name from Adilabad, its headquarters town which was named after the ruler of Bijapur, Ali Adil Shah. The district was for long not a homogenius unit and its component parts were ruled at different periods by nasties namely, the Mauryas, Staavahanas, Vakatakas, Chaludyasof Badami, Rashtrakututs, Chalukyas of Kalyani, Mughals, Bhosle Rajes of Nagpur and Asaf Jahis, besides the Gond Rajas of Sirpur and Chanda. Originally this was not full fledged district but a sub-district named Sirpur-Tandur which was created in A.D. 1872 with Edlabad (Adilabad), Rajura and Sirpur as its constituent talukas . In 1905, an independent district with headquarters at Adilabad was formed. Due to the district’s reorganization in October 2016, Adilabad was divided into four districts: Adilabad, KumramBheem Asifabad district, Mancherial district, and Nirmal district.
The Geo Coordinates of the district are Latitude: 19° 40′ 12.00″ N, Longitude: 78° 31′ 48.00″ E. The Adilabad district is located in the Telangana state of India. It is bordered to the north by the Yavatmal district, to the northeast by the Chandrapur district, to the east by the Asifabad district, to the southeast by the Mancherial district, to the south by the Nirmal district, and to the west by the Nanded district of the Maharashtra state.
The district has population of 7,08,972 which accounts for 3.13% of the total population of the State. The District Comprises of 18 Mandals and 508 villages. There is 1 Municipality in the District. The District is conveniently formed into 2 revenue divisions 1) Adilabad 2) Utnoor.
The important river that flow through the district is Penganga .
Climate and Rainfall
The climate of the district is characterized by hot summer and in generally dry except during the south-west monsoon season. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season from December to February is followed by the summer season from March to May. The period from june to september constitute the south west monsoon season, while October and November from the post monsoon season .
The rainfall in the district, in general increases from the south-west towards the north east. About 85% of annual rainfall is received during the south-west monsoon season. July being the peak rainy month. The variation in the Annual rainfall from year is not large. The normal Annual rainfall of the district is 1044.5mm .
There is a meterological obervatory, station at headquarters Adilabad. The cold weather commences towards the end of November when the temperature begins to fall rapidly. December is generally the coldest month, with the mean daily maximum temprature at about 29 C and the mininum daily is 15 C .
The relative humidities are high generally during the south-west monsoon season. The air is generally dry during the rest of the year, the district part of the year being the summer season when the humidity in the afternoon is 25% .
During the south-west monsoon season the sky is heavily clouded. There is rapid decrease of cloudings the post-monsoon season. In the rest year the sky is mostly clear of light clouded .
Winds are light to moderate with some strengthening in the period from May to August. During the post-monsoon and cold season, winds blow mostly from the east or north-east. By March, south westerlies and westerlies start blowing and continue during the rest of summer. The sought west monsoon season winds are mostly from directions between south-west and north west .
Red and black soil are both found in Adilabad district though black soil predominates, accounting for almost 72% of the soil in the district. The mineral resources are mainly limestone and manganese ore .
Area, Population and Other related characteristics
The district comprises an area of 4,153 square kilometres (1,603 sq mi).with a density of population of 170 persons per sq.km .There are 508 villages exist in Adilabad district.
As per 2011 census, the total population of the district is 7,08,972. It accounts for 2.01 percent of the total population of the state. The male population of the district is 3,56,407 and this forms 50.27% of the district and 2.02 percent of the state male population. Similarly the female population of the district is 3,52,565 and this form 49.73% of the district and 2.02 % of the state female population.
As per the latest 2011 census, the rural population of the district is 541226 which constitutes 76.34% of the district population and 2.52% to total of state rural population. Similarly the urban population of the district spread in 1 town is 1,67,746 constituting 23.66% of the district population at 1.23% of the state urban population.
As per 2011 census, the scheduled caste population of the district is 99,422 which is 14.02 % of the district population and 1.82% of the state scheduled caste population. Similarly the Scheduled Tribe population of the district is 2,24,622 which accounts for 31.68% of the district at 7.06% of the state scheduled tribe population.
The density of population of the district according to 2011 census is 170 persons per sq.km as against 312 persons per sq.km for the state. The literacy rate of the district is 63.46% as against 66.54% of the state literacy rate. The sex ratio of the district is 989 females per 1000 males as against 988 of the state .
Parliament and Assembly Constituencies :
The district shares Adilabad parliamentary constituency and has 2 Assembly Constituencies .
- Boath (ST)